The Law of War and Peace (1625)by Hugo Grotius BOOK 2, CHAPTER 9When Sovereignty or Ownership CeasesI.     Ownership and sovereignty cease when he who possessed the right is taken away and leaves no successor.II.     Similarly the rights of a family are extinguished when the family dies out.III.     So also the rights of a people are extinguished if the people ceases to exist.IV.     Such extinction takes place if the essential parts have been destroyed.
V.     The rights of a people are extinguished when the body of the people as a whole is broken up.VI.     The rights of a people are extinguished when the form of organization, under which the people exists, is destroyed.VII.     The rights of a people are not extinguished by reason of migration.VIII.     Such rights are not extinguished by a change of government; and herein also the question of what is due to a new king or to a liberated people is treated.IX. What becomes of such rights if peoples are joined together?X. What becomes of such rights if a people is divided?XI.     Who is now possessor of the rights which once belonged to the Roman Empire, in so far as they do not appear to have been alienated?XII.     Concerning the rights of heirs.XIII.     Concerning the rights of the conqueror.